Early Childhood Suspension and Expulsion Prevention Program
What if instead of calling it…
The “Suspension and Expulsion Prevention Program”
We called it…
The “making sure ECE providers have the training, coaching, consultation, and other supports they need to be able to support every child” program?
In July 2021, the passing of HB 2166 and SB 236 by Oregon legislature established the Early Childhood Suspension and Expulsion Prevention Program and launched a study on Oregon’s use of suspension and expulsion in early childhood care and education programs. In the 2022 Legislative Session, HB 5202 approved the full $5.8 million funding for the program. The purposes of the Early Childhood Suspension and Expulsion Prevention Program are to:
- Reduce the use of suspension, expulsion, and other forms of exclusionary discipline in early care and education (ECE) programs, and
- Reduce disparities in the use of suspension, expulsion, and other forms of exclusionary practices in ECE programs based on race, ethnicity, language, ability, or gender.
In spring 2022, the Early Learning Division (ELD) formed a Rulemaking Advisory Committee (RAC) consisting of a group of community members tasked with helping the agency shape and implement rule language for the Early Childhood Suspension and Expulsion Prevention Program. For more information on the RAC and a list of committee members who helped craft the new rules, visit oregonearlylearning.com/RAC#1647035338064-17f1b6da-707c
Throughout the development of the IECMHC program, the Early Learning Division (ELD) will be guided by the voices of Oregon families, ECE providers, and research.
The passage of HB 2166 approved the establishment of the Early Childhood Suspension and Expulsion Prevention Program. The passage of SB 236 approved the state to conduct a study of Oregon’s use of suspension and expulsion in early childhood care and education programs, and on efforts to reduce and prevent use of suspension and expulsion.
HB 5202 approved the full $5.8 million funding for the program. Portland State University published “Centering Racial Equity: Design Considerations for Oregon’s Statewide Infant and Early Childhood Mental Health Consultation (IECMHC) Program.”
March to July 2022
The IECMHC Rulemaking Advisory Committee (RAC), a group of community members, is formed. RAC members help agency staff shape and implement rule language around suspension and expulsion.
July to September 2022
To incorporate community input and co-creation of the IECMHC program, ELD will conduct partner, parent, and ECE provider engagement.
Public comment period. Rules adopted by the Early Learning Council (ELC).
A person, policy, or approach which works to promote anti-racist ideals through active efforts to change embedded organizational policies, procedures, rules, behaviors etc. that have historically resulted in continued unfair treatment to some people and unfair or harmful treatment to others based on race.
A subjective opinion, preference, prejudice, or inclination, often formed without reasonable justification, that influences the ability of an individual or group to evaluate a situation objectively or accurately. Biases can be either explicit or implicit. Explicit biases are the attitudes and beliefs we have about a person or group on a conscious level, while implicit biases are formed and held without our conscious knowledge.
Working toward fair outcomes for people or groups by treating them in ways that address their unique advantages or barriers. Equity means that all young children and their families should have access to the resources and opportunities they need to reach their full, healthy potential. To achieve this goal, program administrators and policymakers need to be aware of and understand potential disparities in access to care and outcomes, and to then address these disparities.
Rodriguez-JenKins, J., Mitchell, L., Tremaine, E., Green, B., Dupee, A., Ordonez Rojas, D., Lau, S., Monroy, J. (2022). Centering Racial Equity: Design Considerations for Oregon’s Statewide Infant and Early Childhood Mental Health Consultation (IECMHC) Program. Center for Improvement of Child and Family Services, School of Social Work, Portland State University. [Final Report to Oregon Department of Education: Early Learning Division].
- Centering Racial Equity: Design Considerations for Oregon’s Statewide Infant and Early Childhood Mental Health Consultation (IECMHC) Program, January 2022 | Center for Improvement of Child and Family Services, Portland State University
- Oregon 2020 Preschool Development Grant Statewide Needs Assessment: Family Reports, Winter 2020 | Center for the Improvement of Child and Family Services at Portland State University and OSLC Developments, Inc.
- IECMHC | The Center of Excellence for Infant & Early Childhood Mental Health Consultation (CoE for IECMHC)
- Suspension and Expulsion in Early Childhood | National Center for Pyramid Model Innovations (NCPMI)
- Preventing Suspensions and Expulsions in Early Childhood Settings | SRI Education
- Timeline of Research, Commentary, and Policy Regarding Preschool Expulsions and Suspensions | The Edward Zigler Center in Child Development and Social Policy
- Preschool Suspensions: This is What We Know, March 2018 | National Center for Pyramid Model Innovations (NCPMI)
- Information and Resources to Assist States in Developing Policy on Early Childhood Suspension and Expulsion, May 2017 | Center on Enhancing Early Learning Outcomes
- Who Is Being Expelled from Preschools, and Why?, March 2017 | Zero to Three
- Spotlighting Progress in Policy and Supports, November 2016 | U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
- Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC) for the 2013-14 School Year, June 2016 | U.S. Department of Education
- Reducing Suspension and Expulsion Practices in Early Childhood Settings, December 2014 | Office of Early Childhood Development
- Implementing Policies to Reduce the Likelihood of Preschool Expulsion, January 2008 | Foundation for Child Development
- Prekindergarteners Left Behind, May 2005 | Foundation for Child Development
- What About the Other Kids In the Room, February 1, 2023 | by Alex Shevrin Venet for UnconditionalLearning.org
From September 1 to September 23, the draft Early Childhood Suspension and Expulsion Prevention Program Rules were open for public comment. “Oregon Administrative Rules”, or “rules,” are written requirements that apply to people and businesses in Oregon. Government agencies often write rules when they create a new program.
Feedback on the draft rules was shared through a Feedback Form in English and Spanish and verbal testimony at the public hearing on September 20.
On September 28, the Early Learning Council adopted the administrative rules to begin implementation of the Early Childhood Suspension and Expulsion Prevention Program.
For more information on these rules and the rulemaking process, read the “Program Rules Q&A” below.
This program is in partnership with: